Canada- the big snow country or as John Oliver describes it, what you get if America and Britain had a baby they abandoned in the snow.
Jokes aside, Canada is one of the happiest places on the planet earth and is famous for their progressive policies and life standards including free medicare programs. If you’re wondering whether to move to Canada or not, please check this post here.
If you’ve already decided to make your move to Canada, this post is for you and read on, aspiring canuck, read on.
Express Entry system for economic migration was introduced in 2015 and is one of the most lauded economic immigration system in the world. Please note that the word is economic immigration, which means Canada is looking for educated individuals with certain skill sets to gap the skill shortage in their country and also to further develop Canada as an economic powerhouse. By inviting educated, enthusiastic and ambitious individuals to Canada, the country is hoping they are more likely to contribute to the Canadian economy by say, starting a business or filling that specific trade or technical job requirement. The falling birth rates to sustain the economy and the ageing boomer population are the reasons why Canada is inviting more economic immigrants to set up camps in Canada. The Canada government plans to target for new arrivals in Canada to the tune of 350,000, which is nearly one percent of the country’s population. This economic immigration is addressed to avoid Economic stagnation, meaning the odd case of an economy staying the same size and doesn’t grow any further, and paradoxically, nor shrink in size. Theoretically, to avoid economic stagnation, this requires a birthrate of 2.4 kids per family and in the Canadian province of Quebec, the birthrate is 1.8 and its been like that for 40+ years. Enter solution- More Immigration.
These economic immigrants are made to jump through the hoops of Express Entry system with stringent background checks and demanding educational and work experience related requirements.
What is Express Entry?
Express Entry is a point based economic migration system implemented under the guidance of the Canadian Federal Agency of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Applications are received from eligible candidates who have been invited to apply to immigrate to Canada based on their core human capital factors, skills, work experience, language skills etc. Points are allotted each of these factors and only after reaching the minimum points threshold, an individual or a family is invited to Canada as permanent residents of Canada. This means, they are not citizens of the country having voting or other political rights, but a step under the citizens with almost similar economic rights including free medicare. Countries like Australia doesn’t offer free medic aid to their permanent residents but is reserved only to their citizens.
Under Express Entry, individuals and families wishing to settle in Canada can become new permanent residents within just a few months.
How Does Thing Works?
Potential candidates for entry need to be eligible under one of the following classes of the economic immigration program.
a. The Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC)
b. Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
c. Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC)
From this point on, I will discuss FSWC ONLY and we will discuss others in separate posts.
As I mentioned earlier, the Express Entry system is a point based system and for FSWC you need to score at least 67 points out of 100 to be eligible.
Before, you read any further, check if you are eligible to apply under the Express Entry System. Just click on this link and complete the quiz at this Canadian government site.
So if you are eligible, read further.
So you are eligible. The game begins now. Eligible individuals or family may submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) to the IRCC. This EOI will be assessed and issued a ranking based on a score arrived at adding points for each of the core human economic factors like education, language skills etc. This ranking basis score has arrived under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). It is a ranking system and not a selection criterion. Each individual applicant and a family is assigned a score under this ranking system. It is designed in a way to assess a candidate’s likelihood of being economically successful in Canada. Definite scores are assigned based on their career and educational history, language skills, and whether they have already received a qualifying job offer or provincial nomination in Canada, among other factors.
You can calculate your CRS score here.
Under the CRS, candidates are assigned is a score out of 1,200. Those candidates with a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), or another qualifying job offer, are eligible for either 50 or 200 bonus points in the CRS. Provincial nominees can receive 6oo bonus points.
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) conduct draws at regular intervals (usually every two weeks). In these Express Entry draws, the CRS scores act as a cut-off and basis which candidates are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence. Those candidates invited are then given 60 days to submit an online application for permanent residence, including all supporting documentation, which includes police clearance certificates from all the countries where the applicant have been a resident for more than six (6) months and a medical examination report.
The IRCC then verifies all your supporting documentation and a visa case officer assess whether you meet the minimum eligibility requirements. The results of your medical examination are verified. A further background check is conducted to verify your criminal records, employment history etc.
After all this, a suitable candidate is given the CoPR or Confirmation of Permanent Resident letter to your registered email.
This is the Express Entry Program in a nutshell.
It may sound all easy peasy when you read this. But then again, this is a complicated process wherein a country is accepting a foreign resident to be one of their own and later for the formal induction into citizenship with full political and economic rights. So, please don’t take it light-heartedly and an unwarranted rejection of your application could shatter your great Canadian dreams. So, if you need a detailed information on step by step application, click this link here or to book an online counselling session with one of our immigration consultants click here.